All Jefferson County Department of Health clinics and private providers provide lead screening for children 12 months-72 months of age. Children with venous lead levels of 10mcg/dl or higher are referred to Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention (CLPP) for follow-up. At lead levels of 10-15 mcg/dl, a home visit is scheduled where nutritional, hygienic, and health education information is given, and plans for follow-up are discussed. An interview is performed by case management services using an elevated blood lead environmental surveillance form. This form is designed to determine the source of the child’s exposure.
The Jefferson County Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program enforces lead with in the Food and Lodging Childcare Facility Rules. Water Samples for lead are collected from Jefferson County Childcare Facilities and are sent to the Alabama Department of Public Health Bureau of Clinical Services for analysis. Visual assessments are conducted by Environmentalists in childcare facilities and schools on physical lead hazards and referred to the lead program.
Parents of children with lead levels greater than 15 mcg/dl undergo the procedure outlined above, but in addition are referred to Alabama Department of Public Health Lead Certification Program for an environmental assessment of the home. This assessment includes Niton XRF painted surface testing as well as soil, water and dust sample collection for testing at the Alabama Department of Public Health Bureau of Clinical Laboratories in Montgomery.
Through education families are encouraged to recognize lead hazards that exist in the home in order to reduce exposures of lead.
The Lead Hazard Reduction Act, 42 U.S.C. 485d(b)(5), requires that home renters or buyers be informed about lead hazards. This federal law was passed in 1992 and became effective in 1996. Civil and criminal enforcement authority is found in TSCA 15 U.S.C. 2615(b). Landlords and sellers must:
- provide a Lead Hazard Warning as an attachment to a lease or sales contract
- provide a statement disclosing the presence of known lead-based paint and/or hazards (or indicating no such knowledge)
- provide a list of records or reports regarding lead paint and/or hazards (or indicating that no such reports are available)
- receive a written statement from buyers or tenants affirming receipt of the EPA pamphlet “Protect Your Family From Lead in Your Home”
A federal law adopted by the Environmental Protection Agency in April of 2012 requires contractors that disturb lead-based paint in homes, child care facilities and schools, built before 1978 to be certified and follow specific work practices to prevent lead contamination. This law is enforced by the Alabama Department of Public Health.
For more information please contact the Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program at 930-1248.