Section Menu

Disease Control


Disease Control is composed of four programs: Immunization, Prevention and Epidemiology, Sexually Transmitted Disease Control and Tuberculosis Control. Disease control services is responsible for receiving reports of communicable diseases and disease outbreaks, performing epidemiological investigations and implementing measures designed to reduce the risk of disease transmission. Physicians, dentists, nurses, medical examiners, hospital and nursing home administrators, laboratory directors, school principals and day care center directors are responsible for reporting cases or suspected cases of notifiable diseases and health conditions. You may find a list of these notifiable diseases/conditions here.

The Immunization Program aims to eliminate Vaccine Preventable Diseases in Jefferson County. The activities and services of the Immunization Division, whether with the department or with external organizations, are carried out with the highest quality and ethical standards and are provided at the lowest cost possible, many times at no cost. The National Childhood Immunization Initiative calls for 90% of all children In America to be adequately immunized by age two. The Immunization Division of the Jefferson County Department of Health supports this goal. All grants and action plans have been developed toward this end.

The Prevention & Epidemiology Program investigates reports of communicable disease, other than Tuberculosis and Sexually Transmitted Disease, as outlined in the Alabama Notifiable Diseases Act. Surveillance of reportable diseases permits the division to take prompt preventive measures to interrupt disease transmission. This also includes investigations of outbreaks which should be reported within 24 hours.
Current Disease Surveillance Summary; JCDH Disease Control Childcare Manual; List of Alabama Notifiable Diseases and Conditions

The Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Program works to prevent the acquisition, transmission and complications of sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV. A variety of approaches and interventions based on continuous surveillance of sexually transmitted disease in Jefferson County are used to accomplish this mission. The primary strategies involve screening, diagnostic testing, well-timed treatment and partner services. The STD program includes a specialty clinic to help with testing and treatment and program staff that provide education, screening and partner services. The program is designed to protect individuals, their sex partners, and their unborn children from the serious problems that may result from untreated STDs. Services and information are confidential.

The Tuberculosis (TB) Control Program identifies, treats, and prevents spread of tuberculosis. The program provides direct patient care in the TB clinic and through directly observed therapy for TB disease. In addition to treating active disease, program staff perform targeted testing to identify and treat people with latent TB infection. Education, surveillance, and community education complement the clinical activities to sustain a comprehensive TB prevention effort.

Disease Control operates three clinics within the Specialty Clinic which is located in the lower level at the Guy M. Tate Building, 1400 Sixth Avenue, South, Birmingham, AL.

To view Public Health Laws & Regulations, visit ADPH’s website here.