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Onsite Sewage Disposal


Onsite sewage disposal systems treat and dispose of wastewater on the same property on which the wastewater is generated.
The Jefferson County Department of Health is a leader in promoting public health through the use of onsite sewage disposal by:

-Regulating and inspecting new onsite systems. On Site Regulations
-Investigating and inspecting repairs to improperly functioning onsite systems.
-Providing a Certificate of Competency to individuals who install, maintain, and repair onsite systems.

Septic tank with underground gravel disposal field lines system is most commonly used in Jefferson County. However, there are peat bio-filters, aerobic treatment units, above-ground mound systems, spray irrigation systems, buried sand mounds, gravel-less pipe, and a variety of other alternative sewage disposal systems in Jefferson County.
The Jefferson County Department of Health has a three-fold strategy to ensure properly operating onsite sewage disposal systems. This three-fold strategy includes proper: 1) site evaluation, 2) system construction, and 3) system maintenance.

The following are links to frequently used forms for use when applying for permits with this Department.
Permit Application
Onsite Sewage Disposal Application
Fees vary.

If you have a question concerning onsite sewage disposal system fees, malfunction, maintenance, and repairs in Jefferson County, please call the Community Environmental Protection Division at 205.930.1230.


-Pump tank every 3 to 5 years
-Septic tanks are designed for fecal material and toilet paper. Do NOT place chemicals, grease, chemical wipes, oils, tampons or diapers into sinks or toilets
-Check lots for onsite system approval prior to purchase
-Contact JCDH personal before any extensive landscaping, pool installation, or home additions.

Three-fold Strategy for Onsite Sewage Disposal Systems

The Jefferson County Department of Health’s three-fold strategy to ensure properly operating onsite sewage disposal systems:

Site Evaluation
The site evaluation process begins when a homeowner hires a local engineer, land surveyor or soil scientist to conduct preliminary soil investigations and submits anĀ Onsite Sewage Disposal Application and plot plan. The data submitted to the Jefferson County Department of Health is then reviewed by one of its Environmental Health Specialists. The Environmental Health Specialist travels to the site to evaluate the data submitted as well as performing a soils examination prior to determining the feasibility of constructing an onsite sewage disposal system.

After the Jefferson County Department of Health issues a permit to construct an onsite sewage disposal system, a building permit is issued. The house is then constructed and the onsite sewage disposal system is in